First Factor: Fb’s world outage provides to its many latest woes | US information

Good morning.

Fb had a horrible day on Monday. The social media firm skilled one of many worst outages in its historical past, leaving customers world wide unable to entry its platforms, together with Instagram and WhatsApp, for a number of hours.

By late on Monday, the providers have been slowly coming again on-line, with the corporate apologizing for the prolonged disruption.

The worldwide outage provides to Fb’s many latest woes. Up to now month the social media empire has confronted complications starting from accusations of placing revenue over public good, to requires it to be damaged up.

Later in the present day, a former Fb worker who has accused the corporate of placing revenue over security will take her damning accusations to Washington when she testifies to US senators. Frances Haugen, 37, got here ahead on Sunday because the whistleblower behind a sequence of damaging studies within the Wall Avenue Journal which have heaped additional political strain on the tech agency.

  • What did Mark Zuckerberg say in regards to the outage? He apologized on Fb as soon as the web site was again on-line, however didn’t present a proof, including: “I understand how a lot you depend on our providers to remain linked with the folks you care about.”

  • Was Fb hacked? There was no proof that the difficulty was attributable to malicious exercise, Related Press reported, and the issue may have solely originated from inside the firm. Fb stated it had no proof that consumer knowledge was compromised.

  • What’s going to Haugen inform the senators? She is anticipated to say Fb faces little oversight, and can urge Congress to take motion. “So long as Fb is working at nighttime, it’s accountable to nobody,” she wrote in her written testimony.

Pfizer Covid jab ‘90% efficient in opposition to hospitalisation for no less than six months’

The outcomes underscore the very important significance of bettering Covid vaccination charges globally. {Photograph}: Dado Ruvić/Reuters

Two doses of the Pfizer/BioNTech Covid vaccine are “extremely efficient” at stopping hospitalisations for no less than six months, a large-scale research reveals, however safety in opposition to an infection practically halves over the identical interval.

Effectiveness in opposition to all Covid infections fell from 88% inside a month of getting two doses to 47% after six months, in keeping with the analysis. Nevertheless, effectiveness in opposition to hospitalisations remained excessive at 90% total – and crucially throughout all variants, together with Delta.

The findings, revealed within the Lancet, are in line with preliminary studies from the US Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention and Israel’s ministry of well being that steered safety in opposition to the virus fades inside six months.

The outcomes underscore the very important significance of bettering Covid vaccination charges globally, researchers stated.

  • Researchers analysed the well being data of 3 million folks between December 2020 and August 2021. Through the research interval, 5.4% of individuals have been contaminated with Sars-CoV-2. Amongst those that have been contaminated, 6.6% have been hospitalised. The typical time since being totally vaccinated was between three and 4 months.

  • “Our research confirms that vaccines are a important software for controlling the pandemic and stay extremely efficient in stopping extreme illness,” stated the research’s lead writer, Dr Sara Tartof.

Pandora papers reveal South Dakota’s function as $367bn tax haven

Files suggest the US midwestern state now rivals other famous tax havens as a premier venue for the international rich
Recordsdata recommend the US midwestern state now rivals different well-known tax havens as a premier venue for the worldwide wealthy. Illustration: Guardian Design

South Dakota is sheltering billions of {dollars} in wealth, some linked to people and corporations accused of monetary crimes or severe wrongdoing, in keeping with paperwork within the Pandora papers.

The information recommend the US midwestern state now rivals Switzerland, Panama, the Cayman Islands and different well-known tax havens as a premier venue for the worldwide wealthy in search of to guard their property from native taxes or the authorities.

Rich international people and their households are shifting thousands and thousands of {dollars} to South Dakota belief funds, which get pleasure from a few of the world’s strongest authorized protections from taxes, collectors and prying eyes.

The US has beforehand confronted worldwide criticism over the benefit with which shell firms – which can be utilized to perpetrate tax fraud and monetary crimes – might be integrated within the state of Delaware.

  • What are the Pandora papers? The Pandora papers are the most important trove of leaked knowledge exposing tax haven secrecy in historical past. They supply a uncommon window into the hidden world of offshore finance, casting mild on the monetary secrets and techniques of a few of the world’s richest folks.

  • The place did the Pandora paperwork from come? The Worldwide Consortium of Investigative Journalists, a Washington DC-based journalism nonprofit, shouldn’t be figuring out the supply of the leaked paperwork.

In different information …

Taiwan’s president, Tsai Ing-wen
Taiwan’s president, Tsai Ing-wen, says it’s going to ‘do no matter it takes to defend itself’ in opposition to an more and more assertive Beijing. {Photograph}: Ann Wang/Reuters

Stat of the day: solely 31% of pregnant People are totally vaccinated

A pregnant women receives a Covid vaccine in Schwenksville, Pennsylvania
A pregnant ladies receives a Covid vaccine in Schwenksville, Pennsylvania. {Photograph}: Hannah Beier/Reuters

We all know now that contracting Covid-19 is far riskier for pregnant ladies and their foetuses than the common particular person. However with solely 31% pregnant People totally inoculated as of 18 September, in contrast with about 52% of the common inhabitants – and with a lot decrease charges amongst Black and Hispanic ladies – it seems that an extended historical past of incomplete science and fear-driven medical recommendation about prenatal choices has damaged belief, leaving many moms counting on anecdote and misinformation.

Don’t miss this: the world in keeping with Stevie Van Zandt

Bruce Springsteen and Stevie Van Zandt
Bruce Springsteen’s trusty sideman says he noticed one thing within the Boss that ‘no person else noticed’. {Photograph}: Invoice Kostroun/AP

Stevie Van Zandt has a unprecedented life. Simply to have been the right-hand man – consigliere, as he places it – to Bruce Springsteen from 1975 to 1984, after which once more since 1999, could be sufficient to guarantee his standing. Add to that his starring roles in The Sopranos and Lilyhammer. Then issue within the forming of, and writing, arranging and producing of Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, and his personal solo profession with Little Steven and the Disciples of Soul. And don’t overlook his ongoing cheerleading for rock’n’roll as a broadcaster for practically 20 years, and his work campaigning for musical training. It’s tiring simply studying about it.

Local weather test: can hydropanels deliver water to parched communities?

Water farm in Dubai
An array of Supply’s hydropanels in Dubai. {Photograph}: Supply

Greater than 2 billion folks lack sufficient entry to water and half the world will stay in water-stressed areas by 2025. Because the local weather disaster accelerates – inflicting droughts to accentuate, glaciers to soften and freshwater sources to turn into extra depleted – water shortages are predicted to turn into extra acute. Supply is one in every of a number of firms that say they’ll provide an answer to the issue of water shortage by a know-how referred to as atmospheric water era (AWG): the method of pulling clear water out of the air.

Need extra environmental tales delivered to your inbox? Signal as much as our Inexperienced Gentle e-newsletter to get the great, dangerous and important information on the local weather each week.

Final thing: dozens of Korean phrases added to Oxford English Dictionary

Girl group Blackpink perform in 2019
Lady group Blackpink carry out in 2019. {Photograph}: Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Pictures

The Korean tradition wave has swept by the editorial workplaces of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), which has added greater than 20 phrases of Korean origin to its newest version. The “definitive report of the English language” included phrases alluding to the worldwide recognition of the nation’s music and delicacies, plus one or two whose roots within the Korean language could also be much less apparent. “Lexical innovation is now not confined to the normal centres of English in the UK and america,” the OED stated.

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