Ex terra lucem. Gentle from the bottom. St Helens has the best motto in England. It evokes the city’s lengthy mining historical past, its world-leading glass business – which used, in addition to coal-fired furnaces, the fireclays beneath the coal measures – and, now that so lots of our working-class heroes have handed on, the illumination to be gleaned from communing with sensible ancestors.
That, anyway, is how I like to consider a brand new mining themed stroll on an app, Panorama Legacies of Coal Mining, developed by historian Dr Catherine Mills of the College of Stirling. The three-mile route (with an non-compulsory two-mile extension) by Daring Forest Park – the 1,780 hectare (4,400-acre) space that surrounds the well-known Dream statue by Jaume Plensa – provides a brand new seam of curiosity. Former miner Jim Housley, 60, wrote the texts for the St Helens stroll, which peeks behind the tree cowl and thoroughly deliberate parkland to disclose the park’s earlier life as Sutton Manor colliery.
“I labored at Sutton Manor from 1981 till 1991, when it closed and I used to be made redundant,” says Jim. “My dad wouldn’t let me go down the pit after I left college, so I joined the navy. Once I got here again I went down the pit at Sutton Manor as a chock fitter [responsible for maintaining roof supports], the identical job as my dad. He was principally my boss.
“I did the app as a result of folks lengthy for the sense of group they affiliate with these instances. I need to get extra native folks to make use of the park, partly to get them to know the previous in order that they will respect what they’ve received now. However I additionally need them to return and respect the wildlife, nature and open house.”
We set off on the stroll, which has 23 coal mining digital info stops, in addition to notes on the development of Dream and additional panels on the broader space. I flit between Jim’s chatter and the texts on the app, which has a map and some photos. I’m guided from the doorway to the grand previous colliery gates, previous the place the bath-house lockers – the place the lads modified and received their lamps and helmets – would have been. Then, it’s over to the shafts that took them down and introduced the coal tubs up.
My dad was a miner and, like lots of his tribe, he virtually by no means talked in regards to the day-to-day points of his job. It’s affecting to be on the location of a colliery that – in its Sixties heyday – employed 1,500 males and produced 600,000 tonnes of coal annually. The cage that went down the shaft took them greater than 550 metres beneath the bottom, the place they’d set off on locomotives or on foot a number of miles to the coal face.
“Each pit has its personal character and every face is completely different, which we name the ‘run of the coal’,” says Jim. “This was fairly a gassy pit. Typically it must be closed to clear the gasoline. It was heat, if not as sizzling as some others. Typically males would work of their underwear, if it was too sizzling.”
Two miners’ ashes had been scattered simply the place the shafts have been capped. Pink-coloured wreaths lie on the spot. An info board near the doorway notes that when the pit – which had been there since 1906 – was shut down regardless of having lots extra coal to present, native folks felt Sutton Manor had “misplaced its soul”.
Jim and different ex-miners have fashioned the Northwest Miners Heritage Affiliation, which works intently with different native teams and the Lancashire Mining Museum at Astley Inexperienced to assist recuperate this soul. Some members flip as much as present me a duplicate of the parade banner utilized by the miners at Sutton Manor.
“The banner’s a focus for folks and at any time when we unfurl it, the group spirit comes out,” says Jim. “No one’s received a foul phrase to say about miners. Everyone round right here has reference to them and I feel they lengthy for a number of the group spirit of the previous time. After all folks say it was higher then, however I wouldn’t need to go down the pit once more.”
This, after all, is the good paradox of commemorating industrial historical past. Coal mining generated an enormous quantity of the planet’s previous carbon emissions, and the IEA discovered that CO2 emitted from coal combustion was liable for over 0.3C of the 1C enhance in international common annual floor temperatures above pre-industrial ranges, making it the one largest supply of worldwide temperature enhance. Coal enslaved younger kids within the early years of the Industrial Revolution, and has killed 1000’s of staff and induced many thousands and thousands to die younger. However to overlook coal’s contribution could be to bury the complicated fact together with all its victims.
The stroll as much as the Dream statue, over landscaped slag that has been made into a good measurement tump, is light. On the prime is the imposing white moai, towering over the West Lancashire Coastal Plain, in addition to recent air and birdsong. Between the bushes you can also make out Warrington’s sprawl, the Winter Hill transmitter, the cooling towers of the decommissioned Fiddler’s Ferry energy station (quickly to be demolished) and, considerably nearer, the M62. Jim says Forestry England, which manages the location, will trim the treetops to create higher sightlines.
One in all our final stops is at a big space of hardstanding, the place colliery lorries was loaded with sacks; the cement is damaged up by hardy ruderals, the partitions spattered with graffiti. Jim, who’s a proficient painter, says they may very well be used to show coal-themed murals.
“There’s a variety of potential. We may have a spot for folks to rent mobility scooters or bikes. We’re pondering of planting a tree that may very well be hung with miner’s tallies [the metal tokens used for clocking on and off]. The deserted miners’ institute subsequent door may very well be a restaurant and house for memorabilia. The rangers listed here are very supportive, as is the council.”
St Helens was a full-scale industrial hub from the mid-Nineteenth century till the Nineteen Eighties, when the Conservative authorities successfully shut the city down. The app reveals how Sutton Manor was as soon as crisscrossed by railways sidings; an in depth map reveals the trail of the Runcorn Hole railway, which ran all the way down to the Mersey. Bike lanes and footpaths now occupy the strains, and the council is to be credited for making a community of open areas suited to bodily exercise.
You may assume older miners – the few which can be left – could be proof against digital know-how, however Jim says this isn’t the case. “An previous miner who can’t stand up right here now can have a look at the app and stroll it in his head. His granddaughter can go and do the stroll after which they will discuss it.”
The app at the moment comprises 21 walks, most in Scotland, such because the Brucefield Colliery at Clackmannan, Newtongrange (residence of the Nationwide Mining Museum Scotland), and no fewer than three Alloa Waggonway walks. Jim plans so as to add guided walks to Sutton Manor’s neighbouring collieries at Daring and Clock Face and so as to add extra nature notes to all of the walks.
“Whereas the heritage of the coal business is effectively represented at nationwide degree, the native histories usually slip underneath the radar,” says Mills. “Curated heritage walks on a cell phone app allow an area focus and provide an excellent medium each for people and group teams to precise points round their native industrial heritage, and to advertise energetic engagement with the panorama.
“Importantly, in contrast to a ebook or leaflet that is still static from the day of publication, the app with its expandability and dynamic processes additionally supplied a novel methodology to repeatedly report the quickly disappearing panorama options and industrial archaeology.”
That is certainly what the net and sensible tech had been made for. I used to be by no means taught about coal mining in school, and the app may have immense worth to schoolchildren throughout the nation, in addition to curious native folks. I’ve learn books on coal mining, however this provides a brand new facet to studying about this essential a part of our heritage – alongside a go to to the location itself.
Obtain the app for iOS or Android. You possibly can learn extra about it on the College of Stirling web site. OS Explorer map 275 reveals how Daring Forest Park hyperlinks to the broader area by footpaths, canal paths and cyclemethods