José Luis Martín C Gascón used a strolling stick to hold out his duties because the Philippines’ “brave” human rights lawyer, a results of residing with with diabetes and the wound it left on his proper foot.
However within the phrases of his brother, Miguel Gascón, who confirmed his demise on Fb earlier this month, “of all of the battles you fought, we needed to lose you to Covid-19”.
The Filipino lawyer had chaired the fee on human rights (CHR), an impartial constitutional physique, since 2015, and was well-known for his public confrontations with the nation’s president, Rodrigo Duterte – significantly over his “warfare on medication”, which activists say has concerned the illegal killing of drug customers and traffickers.
Within the aftermath of his demise on 9 October, on the age of 57, tributes have poured in for Gascón, generally known as Chito, with activists and students at dwelling and overseas hailing “a real hero”, “a tireless champion” and “an enormous for human rights”.
“Neither diabetes nor Covid-19 stopped him from serving the victims of human rights violations … underneath essentially the most excessive stress of a president who detests human rights to its core,” stated Fides Lim, spouse of the jailed peace guide Vicente Ladlad, Filipino information web site Bulatlat reported.
Lim, a spokesperson for Kapatid, a gaggle representing political prisoners’ kin, added: “The nation misplaced a devoted public servant who by no means cowered in worry in asserting folks’s rights and civil liberties regardless of each curse and insult of a tyrannical president.”
Gascón was a “brave human rights defender”, stated human rights NGO Karapatan. “Chito’s tenure as chairperson got here at an important time of large challenges and worsening assaults on human rights within the Philippines,” the group stated.
“He and the fee confronted varied threats for his or her work in fulfilling their mandate, particularly in overtly denouncing the Duterte administration’s sham and bloody drug warfare.”
Gascón confirmed “dignity, energy and braveness”, regardless of relentless private assaults on him and the fee he led, stated Jacqueline de Guia, a CHR spokesperson.
“By no means bitter, by no means fearful, he was equally unrelenting in ‘pounding the rock of impunity’, as he’d say. By way of the toughest days, Chito offered steady management. He was an mental large who confirmed nice eloquence in his speech. He cared when nobody did and he dared when others have been fearful.”
Gascón was appointed to chair the CHR by the late former president, Benigno Aquino III, who was succeeded by Duterte in 2016.
He studied philosophy after which legislation on the College of the Philippines, earlier than taking a grasp’s diploma in worldwide legislation on the College of Cambridge.
The 1986 folks’s revolt, generally known as the February revolution, which compelled an finish to the 20-year rule of the dictator Ferdinand Marcos, offered a chance for Gascón. He was the youngest member appointed to the physique accountable for drafting a brand new structure.
He later served because the youngest consultant within the eighth Philippine’s congress throughout President Corazon Aquino’s time period, the place he most notably championed laws to guard kids.
In 2014, a yr earlier than turning into the CHR chair, he was appointed to the human rights victims’ claims board, arrange for reparation programmes for the victims of martial legislation within the Seventies and Eighties.
Carlos H Conde, senior researcher at Human Rights Watch’s Asia division, tells the Guardian that Gascón got here to the CHR at a very vital time for the Philippines.
“Just a few months after Gascón’s appointment by then President Benigno Aquino III in June 2015, Rodrigo Duterte, then a mayor of Davao Metropolis within the south, introduced that he would run for president and that he would embark on a violent marketing campaign towards crime, simply as he did in Davao Metropolis, by which tons of had been killed by his Davao demise squad for the reason that 90s,” he says.
The Filipina journalist Maria Ressa’s latest Nobel peace prize win highlighted the state of affairs of human rights within the Philippines, Conde provides. “The human rights state of affairs within the Philippines proper now continues to be dire. The killings within the ‘drug warfare’ are persevering with, even when the ICC [international criminal court] has initiated an investigation, and whatever the UN’s efforts to assist the Philippines enhance its capacities to deal with rights points.”
Gascón clashed with Duterte many instances, together with in 2017 when the president referred to as him “homosexual” and a “paedophile”. The president threatened to abolish the CHR the identical yr. Gascón “endured Duterte’s threats and mock because the CHR monitored the federal government’s bloody warfare on medication”, reported information web site Inquirer.
After Gascón’s demise, a presidential palace spokesperson expressed condolences as did different authorities and navy figures. Leni Robredo, the nation’s vice-president, described Gascón as “a continuing mild in these darkish instances”.
Theodore Te, ex-spokesperson for the supreme court docket, tweeted that Gascón fought the nice combat. “You stood your floor and held quick. You took the combat to the enemy. You have been an enormous for human rights. The forest is barer due to your fall, however the seeds that you just planted will yield fruit,” he stated.
Michael McFaul from Stanford College, the place Gascón attended a fellowship programme in 2005, referred to as him “a real hero for human rights”. The Asia Pacific Discussion board referred to as him “a tireless champion for human rights within the Philippines”.
In a speech final yr Gascón emphasised collective remembrance towards authoritarian leaders participating in myth-making.
“From their positions of energy, they try and retell historical past with lies – denying culpability for atrocities towards humanity and their abuse of authority,” he stated.
“Remembering serves as society’s bulwark towards tyranny and the evils of violence, discrimination, social exclusion that include it. It fosters an lively citizenship that continually affirms democratic values.”