BAGHDAD — Whereas Individuals mourned Colin Powell as a soldier and a statesman, in Baghdad he was praised for serving to liberate Iraq from a despot but additionally condemned as an “engineer” of a bloody battle that was launched on a lie.
For a lot of Iraqis, Powell will without end be tied to the 80-plus minute speech he delivered to the United Nations on Feb. 5, 2003, during which he laid the groundwork for the invasion of Iraq based mostly on false claims that dictator Saddam Hussein had amassed weapons of mass destruction.
“Colin Powell is the engineer of the U.S. invasion of Iraq,” stated Ahmed Falah Hassan, 54, a lawyer in Baghdad after Powell’s loss of life was introduced on Monday. “He’s the one who defended the false accusations by the US that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction, displaying false proof to the entire world.”
That invasion, Hassan stated, did not simply dislodge Hussein, it destabilized the whole area, splintered Iraq in sectarian warfare, emboldened Iran and helped carry concerning the Islamic State terror group.
“Many of the Iraqis wished to eliminate Saddam Hussein as a result of he handled individuals badly, however the invasion allowed all these political events to regulate the nation, which resulted within the handing over of Iraq over to Iran,” Hassan stated.
Ali Mohsin, 48, a retired Baghdad main college trainer, additionally shed no tears for Powell.
“Our faith prevents us from feeling pleasure concerning the loss of life of somebody, even when this individual was an enemy,” Mohsin stated. “However did Powell apologize earlier than dying for the crimes he dedicated in opposition to my individuals? Due to his lies, tons of of 1000’s have been killed, throughout the invasion or as a consequence of this brutal motion.”
Powell and the Bush Administration he served as Secretary of State in have been false liberators, he stated.
“Powell, in addition to all those that have been behind the invasion, are liable for the loss of life of Iraqis since 2003 till now, as a result of they labored exhausting to not change Saddam Hussein, however to serve the pursuits of their very own colonial nations,” he stated.
Manal Hussein, who’s 52 and retired from her job within the Ministry of Agriculture, disagreed considerably with Mohsin.
“They stated that Powell was the explanation behind liberating Iraq,” the Baghdad lady stated. “I exploit the phrase liberate, not invade, as a result of he and the American administration did the correct factor once they determined to eliminate Saddam Hussein.”
“We lived for 35 years underneath the dictatorship of a brutal one who discovered happiness in killing my individuals,” she stated.
Whereas it’s true that Iraq didn’t have weapons of mass destruction, Manal Hussein stated, “Saddam needed to be eliminated in a method or one other.”
“Even when Powell used false details and lies, Saddam needed to be eliminated,” she stated.
In London, Renad Mansour, venture director of the Iraq Initiative at Chatham Home, a suppose tank, stated Powell’s legacy “is combined.”
“He was a part of an American battle machine that went overseas to combat wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, ensuing within the deaths of tons of of 1000’s of civilians and the trauma of numerous extra,” Mansour stated. “The end result was extra instability within the area, not the democracy that he and the Bush administration promised.”
These failed wars additionally did vital injury to the U.S. standing as a world energy, he stated.
“Whereas Powell was usually thought-about one of many extra reasonable officers contained in the Bush Administration, he nonetheless was a part of an America that misplaced worldwide sway attributable to colossal failures overseas,” stated Mansour.
Powell, who was 84 and had most cancers when he died Monday of problems from Covid-19, stated he regretted giving that U.N. speech and conceded it will “at all times be a part of my report.”
However David Phillips, director of the Program on Peace-building and Human Rights at Columbia College, defended Powell as an “American patriot” who “made the error of following the Bush Administration’s diktats.”
“When he was placing collectively his presentation for the U.N. Safety Council, he and his employees triple-checked all of the sources. He didn’t merely take the phrase of the CIA,” Phillips stated. “So he finally offered what he believed to be the reality. It’s necessary when contemplating Colin Powell’s legacy that he isn’t merely outlined by a U.N. Safety Council presentation which, ultimately, proved to not be true.” (Phillips has been an analyst with NBC Information and is a former senior adviser to the State Division.)
Anthony Cordesman, an skilled on U.S. international coverage on the Middle for Strategic and Worldwide Research, stated of Powell, “In some ways he was blamed for one thing that was the fault of different individuals.”
“The issue he was confronted with is the intelligence that he was given, and actually the world was given, principally, was based mostly on individuals who had sturdy political motives to go to battle and didn’t replicate an correct image of what was occurring in Iraq,” Cordesman instructed NPR. “And these identical individuals sharply understated the chance of what would occur after Saddam fell.”
Khalid Razak reported from Baghdad, Corky Siemaszko from New York and Saphora Smith from London.