Leuven: the small Flemish city with an enormous (bang) historical past | Belgium holidays

The barman at Fiere Margriet locations a bottle of sturdy, darkish ale in entrance of me. “Gouden Carolus,” he says. “Brewed 15 miles away”. A chilly evening has fallen over the town exterior, however the low-lit pub is heat and woozy. Hops are strung alongside the partitions; a stuffed fox seems out from the window. “This pub,” continues the barman, stroking his beard, “has been right here since fourteen-hundred-and …” he pauses for some time “… one thing.”

Leuven map

Historical past is elastic within the small Flemish metropolis of Leuven, which is at the moment internet hosting BANG!, a citywide competition devoted to the large bang. Again within the soupiest mists of time – or, strictly, earlier than time was time – a convulsion of baffling quantum forces resulted within the start of the galaxy. About 13.8 billion years later, in 1931, a cheery Belgian in specs and canine collar got here up with an idea to elucidate it. Albert Einstein initially dismissed the concept, then later backtracked. The Belgian in query was Georges Lemaître – Catholic priest, father of the large bang idea, and resident of Leuven.

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Town’s identify stays comparatively unfamiliar regardless of this cosmic declare to fame, and the actual fact it’s dwelling to certainly one of Europe’s prime universities. Certainly, the place is maybe greatest recognized for being the house of lager leviathan Stella Artois – the HQ is on the sting of city – so after I get off the practice on a sunny November afternoon to seek out bikes bumping over the cobbles and Renaissance facades above the chocolate outlets, it’s a pleasing revelation. Fifty-thousand college students are right here throughout time period time, giving elements of city the texture of a scarf-wrapped, waffle-scented, Dutch-speaking Oxbridge.

The To The Fringe of Time exhibition on the college library is a part of the BANG! competition.

“We should always have been the nationwide capital, actually,” smiles information Jan van Coillie, a retired linguistics professor and champion of all issues Leuven (nicely, not all issues: he doesn’t like Stella). “Leuven and Brussels have been each as soon as a part of the Duchy of Brabant – a state within the Holy Roman Empire – and on the time we have been the bigger settlement, however within the thirteenth century, the dukes determined to base themselves down the street in Brussels.”

Leuven, nonetheless, recovered from the snub, prospering from each the medieval fabric commerce and the 1425 opening of its college – the place Lemaître himself would later examine and train. Jan and I are speaking beneath the ludicrously ornate city corridor, a gothic fantasy of lacy stonework and fairytale turrets, the place 235 statues gaze out from the facade (the entire was 236 till final yr, when reviled monarch Leopold II was eliminated). “The constructing survived each world wars virtually unscathed,” says Jan. “They are saying it’s guarded by angels.”

For guests, the city corridor and the adjoining Fifteenth-century St Peter’s Church – which wasn’t so fortunate within the wars, however nonetheless seems an image at the moment – mark the guts of a compact metropolis. It takes seven minutes for me to pedal from the church doorways to the shaggy, cow-browsed meadows on the outskirts. Locals on sit-up-and-beg bikes rumble down college-lined streets. Helmets are a rarity (“we don’t actually like them,” I’m advised plainly), as are high-rises. Even the hip cafes – and there are a lot – have a small-town, homemade-cake vibe. So whereas Eurostar’s Brussels Midi terminal could be below half-hour away by rail, any sense of a metropolis feels enjoyably distant.

Leuven’s associations with Lemaître are being feted by BANG!, the Huge Bang Metropolis competition, till the top of January. In addition to a collection of formidable exhibitions, there’s a variety of one-off occasions, from orchestral performances to momentary artwork installations. I go to two of the exhibitions. Each are wonderful. The primary is at artwork gallery M Leuven, the place a through-the-ages choice of artwork focuses on humankind’s origins; the second is on the College Library, the place the emphasis of To The Fringe of Time is on science and cosmology. Amongst a lot else, it contains Lemaître’s fascinating views on why his findings have been appropriate with the Bible’s model of creation (“if the speculation of relativity had been essential to salvation,” he wrote, “it could have been revealed to St Paul or Moses”).

The Groot Begijnhof beguinage.
The Groot Begijnhof beguinage. {Photograph}: Sergi Reboredo/Alamy

Competition apart, Leuven is an absorbing vacation spot in its personal proper. The College Library is a working example. I climb its 240ft bell tower and look out throughout the rooftops and steeples to the flat Flemish countryside past. The huge library, with its splendidly woody studying room, is basically a battle memorial. Burned down by German second world battle forces – destroying 300,000 books within the course of, together with a whole bunch of priceless early manuscripts – it was rebuilt in entire due to American funds. A large statue of a sword-wielding Virgin Mary stands exterior, her foot crushing a German eagle.

A five-minute cycle away is a slice of historical past much more stirring. The Unesco-listed Groot Begijnhof was a middle-ages beguinage, a convent-like group for widows and spiritual ladies, and its tight internet of cobbled alleys, slim bridges and red-brick gables can at the moment be wandered at will. On a quiet morning it looks like moving into an outdated masters portray, and I’m again once more that evening for a meal within the elegant hush of the College Membership, previously the beguinage’s infirmary however at the moment all modish lighting, delicate aubergine dishes and heady wines.

The Groot Begijnhof’s residences now accommodate professors and worldwide college students. Lots of the metropolis’s undergraduates, nonetheless, gravitate every night to a really completely different landmark, the Oude Markt, a terrace-filled sq. billed as Europe’s longest bar. I discover it a formidable sight, notably contemplating that a lot of the buildings rising above the Stella Artois umbrellas have been reconstructed since wartime destruction. Plaques bearing the date 1914 stud the sq..

To The Edge Of Time exhibition at the university library in Leuven To the Edge of Time Exhibition © Andy Holden, Eyes in Space, courtesy of the artist
Eyes in House options within the To the Fringe of Time exhibition.

The tipples are undoubtedly higher elsewhere, although: attempt the faucets of craft bar Malz, the drinks checklist of sourdough pizza joint Baracca or the brewery of the newly reopened Park Abbey on the town outskirts, the monastic confines of which have produced a devoted beer for the BANG! festivities. An abbey making a galactic brew offers a neat summation of Leuven, being someplace between deeply conventional and expansively open-minded. “This can be a small metropolis,” I’m advised again in Fiere Margriet, as fleets of bikes trundle previous within the evening. “However it has numerous soul.”


The journey was supplied by the Leuven vacationer board. For listings and particulars of BANG! The Huge Bang Metropolis competition go to bangfestivalleuven.be. Eurostar travels from St Pancras to Brussels Midi as much as 5 instances each day (from £57pp; eurostar.com). Leuven is below half-hour by rail from Brussels Midi. The four-star Martin’s Klooster Lodge occupies a former monastery, with rooms from €75.50pp (£63.50pp), together with BANG! exhibition entry. For present guidelines about visiting Belgium go to gov.uk

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